Great Lakes Region

Current Import Exposure is High throughout the Great Lakes region.
  • For information about import exposure, see our blog.
  • For an explanation of the numbers in the table, click here.

Great Lakes Region

Import exposure in the Great Lakes region as a whole is currently high.  GLTAAC estimates that 78% of Great Lakes manufacturers are presently facing rising imports, and that year-over-year manufacturing imports are up by an average of 4.6% in the region.  It should be noted that 21% of the region’s manufacturing base is in industries currently confronted with import increases of more than 10%.

Indiana

Import exposure in Indiana is currently high – GLTAAC estimates that 78% of Indiana’s manufacturers are presently facing rising imports, and that manufacturing imports are up by an average of 4.9% in the state.

The intensity of import exposure in Indiana is slightly higher than in the region as a whole.  The main reason for this is the high level of imports faced by manufacturers in the camper and travel trailer industry, which is concentrated in the northwest portion of the state.  (U.S. imports of non-motorized RVs are up 20% measured on a year-over-year basis.)

Michigan

Import exposure in Michigan is currently high – GLTAAC estimates that 78% of manufacturers are presently facing rising imports, and that year-over-year manufacturing imports are up by an average of 4.2% in the state.

Nevertheless, Michigan’s numbers are somewhat lower than the rest of the region and the nation as a whole.  This is due to the significant concentration of (a) tool & die shops and (b) industrial mold makers in the state, as imports of the products made by these industries are down considerably (-12.8% and -7.8%, respectively).  These 2 industries are also mostly responsible for Indiana and Ohio posting lower import exposure numbers than the U.S.  Though Michigan is by far the state with the most tool & die and mold making shops, Ohio has the second-most (also by a wide margin), while Indiana is number 5 or 6 of all the states.

Ohio

Import exposure in Ohio is currently high – GLTAAC estimates that 78% of Great Lakes manufacturers are presently facing rising imports, and that year-over-year manufacturing imports are up by an average of 4.8% in the state.

 

Historic Data

Explanation of Graph

  • This graph is a compilation of import exposure over time.
  • The vertical axis indicates the percentage of all tri-state manufacturing establishments that are in industries facing year-over-year increases in imports.  The horizontal axis is time; data are monthly.  The colors indicate the intensity of import competition, and the areas are additive.
  • Thus, looking at the first data point (at the far left of the graph, reading from the bottom up) – it indicates that 74% of all Great Lakes manufacturing establishments were in industries that had experience at least a 10% increase in imports for the 12 months ending January 2011 compared to the 12 months ending January 2010.  7% were in industries where imports had increased by 5-10% (meaning that 74% + 7% = 81% were in industries where imports increased by at least 5%.  Note that the second line from the bottom hits the vertical axis at 74 +7 = 81%).  And 3% of all Indiana-Michigan-Ohio manufacturing establishments were in industries where imports increased by less than 5% for the year-over-year period ending with January 2011.
  • The graph thus presents this import data for each year-over-year period ending every month from January 2011 through the present.  In so doing, it depicts the breadth of import impact (illustrated by the total height of the area graph), as well as its depth or intensity (indicated by height of the individual lines at any single point in time).
  • Further, understanding that most of the effects of foreign competition on businesses compound over time, the amount of red in the graph can also be thought of as representing the cumulative pressure of imports on the entire Great Lakes manufacturing sector over the past 8 years.

Questions?

If you have questions about GLTAAC’s Import Exposure Status, just contact us at gltaac@umich.edu.